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How to Catch Trout | The Basics of Trout Fishing

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  • Trout Fishing Gear
    The first thing to consider with any fishing trip is getting the gear you'll need. Now in this case, the gear will depend on where you decide to fish for example, in a lake, river, or a stream. Once you decide where you want to go make sure you get a complete list, but these are some basic things you'll want to consider: Your rod should be on the lighter side, especially when fishing in streams. Make sure you find one that fits your skill and comfort levels but if you are going specifically for trout light weight rods with a light to medium bending resistance are going to be the most effective. Fly fishing rods are a better option than spinning rods for trout. When you grab bait you can always go for live bait, which is by some people considered better trout bait, but there are a few artificial lures that can be used for you catch. Spinners seem to be the most common, but spoons and plugs are also popular. The general rule with trout is that lighter and smaller is better but remember to think about what size trout you are aiming for as well as where you are fishing (locations will be discussed further down) and do some more detailed research or stop in to a store for some advice on brand specific gear. More gear you'll want to think about getting if fishing in rivers in streams are boots or waders and a vest that will hold extra supplies. Check out stock schedules and temperatures before you hit the road and make sure you've prepared your equipment before you enter stream so you don't risk scaring the fish or have to shorten your trip.

    Where to Find Trout
    Trout can be found in all different bodies of water, and different techniques should be used for each one. Here's a few tips when boat fishing in a lake. It's a good idea to hit the lake early because, especially in AZ, it gets hot. Trout tend to stick to colder waters so as the day goes on the trout will get deeper. One method that may help is to keep your boat moving, slowly, and let your line sink to the bottom of the lake a little bit at a time. This will help give the illusion that your bait is a tasty treat. Now whether you are boat fishing or trying to make a catch from shore something to look for is undercuts and brush. Anywhere a fish may hide is going to be a decent place to seek out your trout. When in a boat this is going to be a little more difficult because these places may be a bit too shallow for your boat so be careful.

    Rivers, Lakes and Streams
    Now on to rivers and streams, these two different types of water have similarities and differences when dealing with trout. Here, fly fishing is going to be the preferred method for your hunt. If you're a beginner, fly fishing is going to take some practice to get a hold on; be patient and keep on keeping on, we all have to start at some point. Before you cast your line you're going to want to try to locate your catch. In rivers, the current and depth need to be taken into consideration. A fast current will yield shallower waters and smaller trout and in contrast slow, deep water will held larger trout but there will be less of them around. A middle ground is going to be your best bet. Trout will tend to linger here because the current is quick enough to bring food to them but also has deeper and colder waters. This is similar to stream fishing, as they are smaller, you are going to want to look for the deeper colder waters. In both, you will want to look for brush or undercuts because, again, fish like places to hide. Which brings me to another important aspect of fishing in rivers and streams, wading.

    A knack for balance will give you an advantage here but make sure you have the proper gear i.e a vest, extra lures, waders, etc. When entering the water, consider if your catch is upstream or downstream (this will impact the bait and lures so do a bit of prior research). The most important aspect of wading is this: DON'T SCARE THE FISH. Make sure you move slow, get a steady foothold, and once you find a good spot go ahead and cast your line. You may need to or want to move a bit with your line cast; be cautious.

    Rember this about Trout Fishing
    Trout fishing is popular because it's fun! Don't be intimidated by all the information that's out there. Grab your gear, check the temps, and go have an adventure. With a little bit of practice and patience you'll be bringing home your catch in no time.

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